Published: Wed, May 16, 2018
Medical | By

STDs on the Rise in California, Butte County

STDs on the Rise in California, Butte County

The total number of cases represents a 45 percent increase over five years, according to a press release.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea rates among African-Americans were almost five times higher than caucasians, CDPH found. African-Americans reported more than twice the rate for early syphilis than caucasians.

California hit record numbers of new infections of sexually transmitted diseases in 2017, with almost 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, according to a report by the state health department and published Monday.

Officials revealed that there were 30 stillbirths linked to congenital syphilis in 2017, the highest reported since 1995.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith in a statement.

In terms of which STD Butte County has the most of, that answer is Chlamydia. Chlamydia rates among girls and women were 60 percent higher than boys and men. Symptoms include abnormal discharge and a burning sensation during urination, though these signs may not appear for weeks.

The most reported sexually transmitted bacterial infections in the state, chlamydia and gonorrhea typically don't have symptoms but can cause problems including pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility, according to CDPH. "And for gay men and other men who have sex with men and trans persons, they should have STD screening every three months", said Dr. Susan Philip from the San Francisco Department of Public Health.

Here's what you should know about this record-breaking number.

The statistics show chlamydia and gonorrhea rates were highest among those under age 30.

Common among young people aged 15-24, gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. It can occur after direct contact with a syphilis sore during sexual intercourse.

The report showed there were 218,710 cases of chlamydia and 75,450 cases of gonorrhea past year.

"We've known how to control syphilis since early 1900's".

Officials blame lack of STD awareness, decreasing number of clinics and less frequent condom usage for the rates, the L.A. Times reported. On the other hand, syphilis can lead to neurologic issues, loss of hearing and blindness. In women, it can also be passed to the baby, called congenital syphilis and can result in stillbirth, early death, or long-term infection.

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