Published: Fri, September 14, 2018
Medical | By

Cancer to kill 10-million in 2018 despite better prevention

Cancer to kill 10-million in 2018 despite better prevention

According to a new report by the World Health Organization, the global cancer burden increased to about 18 million new cases and almost 10 million deaths in 2018.

In a report released on Wednesday, the International Agency for Research on Cancer said that a quarter of Portugal's population is at risk of developing cancer by the age of 75, with 10% of the population at risk of dying from the disease. "For women, breast cancer caused 15 percent of cancer deaths, followed by lung cancer (13.8 percent) and colorectal cancer (9.5 percent)".

Global patterns show that for men and women combined, almost half of the new cases and more than half of the cancer deaths worldwide in 2018 are estimated to occur in Asia, in part because the region has almost 60 per cent of the global population. It is followed by colon cancer with 881,000 deaths at 9.2 percent, followed by stomach with 783,000 deaths at 8.2 percent and liver cancer with 782,000 deaths at 8.2 percent.

One in five men and one in six women worldwide, develop cancer during their lifetime, and one in eight men and one in 11 women die from it, IARC's 's Global Cancer Observatory says, in its first report since 2012. The number of cancer deaths in the country stood at 784,821.

"A lot of those (cancer cases) could be prevented, with key prevention efforts focusing on some of the main risk factors which we have heard about: tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and improper diet", said Dr. Etienne Krug, director of WHO's department of non-communicable diseases.

The number of deaths from these cancers was 2,079 while the total number of prevalent cases (over the past five years) was 13,698, said the report.

The top five most frequent cancers for both male and female in India are breast, lip and oral cavity, cervix and uteri, lung, stomach. "Efficient prevention and early detection policies must be implemented urgently to complement treatments in order to control this devastating disease across the world".

But it added that most countries still face an overall rise in the number of cancer cases diagnosed and needing treatment. Female breast cancer is the fifth-leading cause of death - 627,000 deaths at 6.6 percent "because the prognosis is relatively favorable, at least in more developed countries".

No region will be spared from the increase but Asia is to be the most impacted, accounting for almost 60% of deaths and just under half of new cases.

And the authors say lung cancer is now the leading cause of cancer death in women in 28 countries.

Europe accounts for 23.4 percent of the global cancer cases and 20.3 percent of the cancer deaths, although it has only 9.0 percent of the global population. And in Africa, it's 7.3 percent of the cancer deaths and 5.8 percent of the incidences.

Krug said it was also critical that countries ensure access to fast diagnosis and treatment, noting: "For those who have cancer, cancer should not be a death sentence anymore".

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