Published: Sat, November 03, 2018
Science | By

The NASA probe came at a record distance to the Sun

The NASA probe came at a record distance to the Sun

NASA's Parker Solar Probe is now closer to the sun than any spacecraft has ever gotten.

The Parker probe was launched on August 12 from the spaceport at Cape Canaveral (Florida), he went into space with the help of a heavy launch vehicle Delta IV. The spacecraft passed the current record of 26.55 million miles from the Sun's surface on October 29 as calculated by the Parker Solar Probe team.

The first record in history, in April 1975, was touched by the German-American collaboration Helios 2 which was also sent to observe the Sun. Parker Solar Probe's speed and position were calculated using DSN measurements made on October 24, and the team used that information along with known orbital forces to calculate the spacecraft's speed and position from that point on.At its current distance to the Sun, the probe requires 150 days to make a complete orbit. It also got a speed of 246,960 kilometers per hour (153,454 miles per hour) in the same month, setting another record. Last April 17, 1976, approached the Sun at 43,4 million km. how many probe Parker surpassed standing 42 years of record, is not specified.

The current distance of the spacecraft from the Sun is still quite large, but it might change because the probe is moving closer towards the Sun.

Earlier Japanese probe "Hayabusa-2" successfully landed on the asteroid Ryugu two robots-researchers.

The probe will begin it's first encounter with the Sun on Wednesday, culminating with its perihelion, or closest point to the Sun, at about 10:28 p.m. EST on Monday.

The Parker spacecraft's first solar encounter will begin today.

Parker Solar Probe employs a host of autonomous systems to keep the spacecraft safe without guidance from Earth - including automatic retraction of the solar panels to regulate their temperature, attitude control using solar limb sensors that ensures all of the instruments remain in the heat shield's shadow, and a sophisticated guidance and control system that keeps the spacecraft pointed correctly. The spacecraft will face brutal heat and radiation conditions while providing humanity with unprecedentedly close-up observations of a star and helping us understand phenomena that have puzzled scientists for decades. Its name has been recorded in a probe that is fastest on the surface of the sun.

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