Published: Thu, December 06, 2018

USA takes aim at China, Iran, Russia over treaty violations

USA takes aim at China, Iran, Russia over treaty violations

Firing back, the Iranian military said all their missile tests are meant to boost national defense by deterring potential attackers.

Haley said the missile test was "provocative" and urged the worldwide community not to keep "turning a blind eye every time Iran blatantly ignores Security Council resolutions".

"We would like to see the European Union pass sanctions that would designate the people and the organisations that are facilitating Iran's missile testing and missile proliferation", Brian Hook, Washington's special representative for Iran, told Reuters after meetings with European powers in Brussels.

On Saturday, US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo said that Tehran had tested a medium-range ballistic missile in breach of the United Nations resolution.

Iran's mission to the United Nations says all ballistic missile related activities of the Islamic Republic are in full conformity with the relevant provisions of the UN Security Council Resolution 2231, which endorses the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) - the official title assigned to Iran's 2015 nuclear deal. It has withdrawn from the Paris climate accord, the Iran nuclear deal, the U.N.'s top human rights and educational agencies and the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal with Pacific Rim nations.

Instead, it says "Iran is called upon not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles", language that does not forbid Tehran from testing or make it a violation if it does so.

Iran also carried out another test last week that was strongly condemned by Washington. Yet, they also neither confirmed, nor denied the test.

"If the Security Council is serious about holding Iran accountable and enforcing our resolutions, then at a minimum we should be able to deliver a unanimous condemnation of this provocative missile test", she said.


Through asserting USA sovereignty - as other countries do theirs - Trump was creating a better, more free, and more effective global system, he said.

Those US sanctions have targeted Iran's critical oil sector, as well as several major Iranian banks and other industries.

Mr. Trump said the deal was flawed, as it did not include curbs on Iran's development of ballistic missiles or its support for armed proxies in Syria, Yemen, Lebanon and Iraq.

"It is a grave and escalating threat, and nations around the world-not just Europe-need to do everything they can to be targeting Iran's missile program", he added.

However, diplomacy with Iran is highly sensitive for the European Union because Brussels considers the 2015 pact to stop Tehran from developing a nuclear weapon as the bloc's biggest foreign policy achievement in decades and does not want it to collapse.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, a staunch opponent of Iran, welcomed Pompeo's request to sanction Iran's missile programme on Monday.

Pompeo is in Brussels for talks among foreign ministers at North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, where Trump has accused European members of failing to spend enough on their own defence and relying too much on Washington. "Iran is on the wrong track and our campaign of maximum economic pressure is created to starve the regime of the revenue it needs to test missiles and proliferate missiles, support terrorism, conduct cyber attacks, [and] conduct acts of maritime aggression".

This pressure, together with more broad-minded pressure from the White House, may serve to amplify the "cracks" that Fox News reported to be showing in the "Iran deal coalition" on Tuesday. The US is bolstering its military presence in the region, which is already one of the most guarded in the world.

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