Published: Fri, January 11, 2019
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US Cancer Death Rate Dropped for 25 Years Starting in 1991

US Cancer Death Rate Dropped for 25 Years Starting in 1991

Also, a report from the American Cancer Society reported that the death rate from cancer has dropped for the 25th straight year.

However, not all the news was good. They found the cancer incidence rate was stable in women from 2006 to 2015 and declined about 2 percent per year in men; from 2007 to 2016, the cancer death rate decreased annually by 1.4 and 1.8 percent, respectively.

The researchers project that in 2019, there will be 1,762,450 new cancer cases and 606,880 cancer deaths. According to the article, New York City will spend up to $100 million per year for the plan, which involves expanding the city's existing public insurance programs and providing uninsured residents with access to affordable care at city-owned facilities.

In addition, more education is called for to help people understand the steps they can take to lower their risk for cancer.

And while there's been a decline in the historic racial gap in cancer death rates, the gap between the rich and poor is widening despite gains made to close the racial gap. Colorectal cancer mortality dropped by 53% from 1970 to 2016.

22% of deaths in the U.S. in 2016 were from cancer, making it the second leading cause of death after heart disease in both men and women. In men, the drop reflects accelerated declines during the past 5 years of approximately 3% per year for lung and colorectal cancers, as well as a drop of 7% per year for prostate cancer, which is attributed to decreased PSA testing.

Deaths from some cancers, however, rose. However, in adults under the age of 55 years, there was an increase of about 2% in new cases per year since the mid-1990s.

Advances in diagnosis and prevention, as well as increased efforts to combat smoking, have led to a drop in mortality due to cancer in the United States. In 2019, an estimated 11,060 children in this age group will be diagnosed with cancer and 1,190 will die from it. Leukemia accounts for nearly a third (28%) of all childhood cancers, followed by brain and other nervous system tumors (26%). Although this age group is the fastest-growing population in the United States, with the number of adults ≥85 years in the United States expected to almost triple from 6.4 million in 2016 to 19 million in 2060, they are also the fastest-growing group of cancer survivors, placing greater demand on cancer care needs for an older population.

The American Cancer Society study was based on cancer incidence, mortality and survival data in the United States from sources including the National Center for Health Statistics; the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Rules Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries.

As of January 1, 2019, an estimated 1,944,280 people ages 85 and older were cancer survivors, representing 1/3 of all the men and ¼ of all the women in this age group. Today's show is sponsored by Indeed, U.S.

Rates of new liver cancers are rising faster than for any other cancer. Liver cancer deaths have been increasing since the 1970s, and initially most of the increase was tied to hepatitis C infections spread among people who abuse drugs.

For example, the report demonstrated that in poorer counties, cervical cancer-related deaths were twice as common in women and men experienced 40% more lung and liver cancer-related deaths compared with more affluent counties.

Rates of new cases also rose for melanoma skin cancer, thyroid cancer, endometrial cancer, and pancreatic cancer. The study says that those figures translate into roughly 2.6 million fewer cancer deaths over that time period. Note: material may have been edited for length and content.

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