Published: Wed, February 03, 2021

Archaeologists Discover A Mysterious 2000-Year-Old Mummy With A Golden Tongue

Archaeologists Discover A Mysterious 2000-Year-Old Mummy With A Golden Tongue

A 2,000-year-old mummy with a gold tongue has been uncovered at the ancient Egyptian site of Taposiris Magna by archaeologists.

The excavation is being led by the University of Santo Domingo, which has been working at the site for almost a decade. The mummies were poorly preserved but photographs released by the ministry showed a tongue-shaped piece of gold placed in the jaw of one skeleton.

The hope is that this individual would have the ability to speak to the god of the dead, Osiris, upon arriving in the afterlife.

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The North facade of the Osiris Temple ruin in Taposiris Magna, west of Alexandria. Their organs were removed, and their bodies wrapped in linens.

Alongside the golden tongues, the gilded cartonnage and the mummies' location in rock-cut tombs suggested the mummies dated to the era of Greek and Roman rule, the ministry said.

A joint mission of Egyptian and Dominican archaeologists found 16 burial shafts carved from rock under the temple. One of the mummies was wearing a death mask, covering nearly all of her body.

The remains of a cartonnage that encased a female mummy found in the tombs at Alexandria's Taposiris Magna temple

Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) techniques have been deployed in recent years in find out more about the ancient embalming process. The plastered layers, or cartonnage, encasing one of these mummies has golden decorations of Osiris, the statement said.

The two mummies were also entombed with partial scrolls, which are now being deciphered. In one, a female mummy is wearing a death mask that covers much of her body and depicts her with a headdress while smiling.

Khaled Abo El Hamd, director general of the Alexandria antiquities ministry, reported the expedition had also unearthed eight marble heads dating back to the Greek and Roman eras. One such fascinating new mummy discovered was buried with a tongue of gold.

This isn't the first time the Taposiris Magna Temple, or the "great temple of Osiris", has excited archaeologists.

At the same site, a number of coins with Cleopatra's face embossed on them was discovered earlier.

This article was originally published by Live Science.

Archaeologists found Cleopatra's palace more than four decades ago, 20 feet under the waves of Alexandria's eastern harbor. "Her tomb will never be found".

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